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鄭智中

鄭智中 chih-chung cheng

碩士論文 (2005)

供應鏈之供應商評選方法研究
Methodology On Supplier Selection and Evaluation for Supply Chain

關鍵字 Keywords

資料包絡分析, 多屬性決策, 供應鏈管理, 供應商評選
DEA, TOPSIS, MADA, Supplier selection, SCM

摘要

  供應鏈管理是現代企業重要的競爭策略之一,而供應鏈管理的主要目的在於整合供應鏈中各個不同企業的資源以快速反應市場變化與滿足客戶需求。供應商評選是企業建構供應鏈的重要工作之一,由於目前供應商選擇之方法偏重於單一企業,缺乏針對供應鏈整體考量之方法,因此,本研究的目的在提出一基於供應鏈整合架構之供應商評選方法。   本研究所提之供應鏈中供應商評選流程,首先界定企業競爭策略和建立供應商評選架構,再進行候選供應商篩選、評選準則權重賦予及候選供應商評比、排序。本研究以資料包絡分析法(DEA)進行候選供應商的篩選,挑選出相對效率高的公司,再以TOPSIS建立基於顧客偏好的多屬性決策,進行供應商的排序,最後,以國內紡織產業為例進行供應商評選的實例驗證。   由於資料包絡分析法在篩選供應商的效果極佳,能有效排除不具效率的供應商,簡化供應商評比的複雜度;而TOPSIS方法同時考慮供應商的效率表現和潛在風險,因此本研究所提出的方法非常適合企業實務運用,能協助有效選取適當之供應商提昇營運效益。

Abstract

  Supply chain management(SCM)is one of the most important competitive strategies for today’s enterprises. The major purposes of supply chain management lie in integrating a number of various suppliers in order to satisfy market demand. Meanwhile, supplier selection plays an important role in establishing supply chain. Traditional supplier selection method focuses on the requirements of individual enterprises, lacking in supply chain consideration. This study proposed a supply selection methodology based on supply chain integrated architecture.   In this article, we design a supplier selection procedure for supply chain. First, the criteria for supplier selection are proposed based on enterprise’s competitive strategy. Potential supplier’s screening, criteria’s weighting and supplier’s ranking are defined in the following step. This study uses data envelop analysis (DEA)to select efficient suppliers in the first stage, and use TOPSIS, a multi-attribute decision making(MADA)method, to rank the potential suppliers. Finally, textile industry is given to illustrate the model.   Because data envelope analysis has powerful function in supplier evaluation, inefficient suppliers are deleted exactly and quickly. Both supplier efficiency and potential risk are concerned by TOPSIS at the same time. Therefore the methodology proposed in this study is suitable for enterprise to select suitable suppliers and to increase business performance.


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